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EN Standards

European Directives are implemented in each countries legal system as laws, supported by voluntary Harmonised EN Standards that have a presumption of conformity to the Essential Safety Requirements in the Directives.

There are three types of EN Standards, A, B and C type. The table below explains the differences.

To determine which Standards apply, the Europa website has a page for each sector, for the Machinery page <click here>.  Standards are listed in sections A, B or C and are searchable by using the Ctrl + F keys, and typing keywords in the box.

To Purchase BSI Membership, which gives a 50% discount on Standards, <click here>

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A-type standards

A-type standards specify basic concepts, terminology and design principles applicable to all types of machinery. Application of such standards alone, although providing a framework for the correct application of the Machinery Directive, is not sufficient to ensure conformity with all relevant essential health and safety requirements (EHSR’s) of the Directive and does not give a full presumption of conformity.

A Standard

Description

EN ISO 12100:2010 / Safety of machinery

General principles for design. Risk assessment and risk reduction
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B-type EN standards

B-type EN standards deal with specific aspects of machinery safety or safeguards that can be used across a range of machinery. Application of B-type standards confers a presumption of conformity with the EHSR’s of the Machinery Directive that they cover when a C-type standard or manufacturer’s risk assessment shows that a technical solution specified by the B-type standard is adequate for the particular category or model of machinery concerned. Application of B-type standards that give specifications for safety components that are independently placed on the market confers a presumption of conformity for the safety components concerned and for the EHSR’s covered by the standards.

B Standard

Description

BS EN ISO 13855:2010/ Safety of machinery

Positioning of safeguards with respect to the approach speeds of parts of the human body
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BS EN ISO 13857:2008/ Safety of machinery

Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs
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BS EN ISO 14119:2013/ Safety of machinery

Interlocking devices associated with guards. Principles for design and selection
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BS EN ISO 4414:2010/ Pneumatic fluid power

Pneumatic fluid power. General rules a.nd safety requirements for systems and their components
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EN 349:1993+A1:2008 / Safety of machinery

Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body
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EN 574:1996+A1:2008 / Safety of machinery

Two-hand control devices – Functional aspects – Principles for design
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EN 953:1997+A1:2009 / Safety of machinery

Guards. General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and movable guards
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EN 1037:1995+A1:2008 / Safety of machinery

Prevention of unexpected start-up
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EN 1127-1:2011 /

Explosive atmospheres

Explosion prevention and protection – Part 1: Basic concepts and methodology
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EN ISO 4413:2010 / Hydraulic fluid power

General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components
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EN ISO 13849-1:2008 / Safety of machinery

Safety-related parts of control systems – Part 1: General principles for design
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EN ISO 13849-2:2012 / Safety of machinery

Safety-related parts of control systems – Part 2: Validation
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EN ISO 13855:2010 / Safety of machinery

Positioning of safeguards with respect to the approach speeds of parts of the human body
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BS EN ISO 14122-1:2001+A1:2010 / Safety of machinery

Permanent means of access to machinery Choice of a fixed means of access between two levels
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EN ISO 14122-2: 2001/A1:2010 / Safety of machinery

Permanent means of access to machinery – Part 2: Working platforms and walkways
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EN ISO 14122-3:2001/A1:2010 / Safety of machinery

Permanent means of access to machinery Stairways, stepladders and guard-rails
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EN ISO 14122-4:2004/A1:2010 / Safety of machinery

Permanent means of access to machinery Fixed ladders
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EN ISO 14159:2008 / Safety of machinery

Hygiene requirements for the design of machinery
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EN 60204-1:2006/AC:2010 / Safety of machinery

Electrical equipment of machines General requirements
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EN 62061:2005+ A1 2013 / Safety of machinery

Functional safety of safety-related electrical, electronic and programmable electronic control systems
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C-type EN standards

C-type EN standards provide specifications for a given category of machinery. The different types of machinery belonging to the category covered by a C-type standard have a similar intended use and present similar hazards. C-type standards may refer to A or B-type standards, indicating which of the specifications of the A or B-type standard are applicable to the category of machinery concerned. When a C-type standard deviates from the specifications of an A or B-type standard, the C-type standard take precedence over the A or B-type standard. Application of a C-type standard on the basis of the manufacturers risk assessment confers a presumption of conformity with the EHSR’s of the Machinery Directive covered by the standard. Some C-type standards are a series of several parts, Part 1 of the standard giving general specifications applicable to a family of machinery and other parts of the standard giving specifications for specific categories of machinery belonging to the family. For C-type standards organised in this way, the presumption of conformity with the essential health and safety requirements of the Machinery Directive is conferred by application of the general Part 1 of the standard together with the relevant specific part of the standard.

C Standard

Description

EN 415-1:2000+A1:2009 / Packaging machines safety – Part 1

Terminology and classification of packaging machines and associated equipment
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EN 415-3:1999+A1:2009 / Safety of packaging machines – Part 3

Form, fill and seal machines.
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EN 415-5:2006+A1:2009 / Safety of packaging machines – Part 5

Wrapping machines
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EN 415-6:2013 / Safety of packaging machines – Part 6

Pallet wrapping machines
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EN 415-7:2006+A1:2008 / Safety of packaging machines – Part 7

Group and secondary packaging machines
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EN 415-8:2008 / Safety of packaging machines – Part 8

Strapping machines
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EN 415-9:2009 / Safety of packaging machines – Part 9

Noise measurement methods for packaging machines, packaging lines and associated equipment, grade of accuracy 2 and 3
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EN 528:2008

Rail dependent storage and retrieval equipment – Safety requirements
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EN 617:2001+A1:2010

Continuous handling equipment and systems – Safety and EMC requirements for the equipment for the storage of bulk materials in silos, bunkers, bins and hoppers
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EN 618:2002+A1:2010 / Continuous handling equipment and systems

Safety and EMC requirements for equipment for mechanical handling of bulk materials except fixed belt conveyors
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EN 619:2002+A1:2010 / Continuous handling equipment and systems

Safety and EMC requirements for equipment for mechanical handling of unit loads
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EN 620:2002+A1:2010 / Continuous handling equipment and systems

Safety and EMC requirements for fixed belt conveyors for bulk materials
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EN 741:2000+A1:2010 / Continuous handling equipment and systems

Safety requirements for systems and their components for pneumatic handling of bulk materials
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EN 1570-1:2011 / Safety requirements for lifting tables – Part 1

Lifting tables serving up to two fixed landings
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EN 1672-2:2005+A1:2009 / Food processing machinery

Basic concepts – Part 2: Hygiene requirements
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EN ISO 10218-1:2011 / Robots and robotic devices

Safety requirements for industrial robots – Part 1: Robots
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EN ISO 10218-2:2011 / Robots and robotic devices

Safety requirements for industrial robots – Part 2: Robot systems and integration
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